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A Trip to the Vet: Puppy’s First Visit

Adding a New Puppy to the Family

Adopting a new puppy can be an intimidating challenge for many people once they realize how much time and care a puppy takes—it’s like raising a child! A new puppy’s first visit to the vet can be daunting and new pet parents may feel overwhelmed by the amount of information covered during the first visit. The following guide breaks down various topics the veterinarian will cover when a new puppy visits for the first time. With this guide, any pet parent will soon feel more comfortable going forward with their furry friend’s care.

First Visit to the Vet

basket puppies

A basket of Havanese puppies being examined at 6 weeks old

 

It is important to take a new puppy for a physical examination as soon as possible to identify and prevent medical problems, stay current on vaccinations, and learn valuable information to help keep the new puppy happy and healthy. During the pup’s first visit, the veterinarian will do the following:

  • Weigh the puppy
  • Take the puppy’s temperature
  • Listen to heart and lungs
  • Examine eyes, ears, nose, throat, skin, coat, feet, genitalia, teeth/mouth, and palpate his/her abdomen
  • Test a fecal sample for the presence of intestinal parasites
  • Discuss the puppy’s history, lifestyle, medical concerns, owner’s questions, and future care

It is important to bring any paperwork that documents the puppy’s history including vaccinations, deworming, and heartworm/flea and tick preventatives so the veterinarian can give the best advice regarding the pup’s future care.

Vaccinations

There are many vaccines available to help prevent disease in dogs. Some vaccines, such as the Rabies and Distemper/Parvo vaccines, are considered “core” vaccines and recommended for all dogs of various breeds and ages. Other vaccines, including Lyme, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, and Kennel Cough, are considered “non-core” vaccines and are giving based on the dog’s exposure to various places. Certain groomers, boarding facilities and doggie day cares require particular vaccines to allow dogs to be there so check with local facilities to see what they require and discuss this with the veterinarian.

  • DAPP (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus): This is a combination vaccine that protects against the four above-listed viral diseases, which are the most common and contagious in dogs.
  • Rabies: Rabies virus is fatal and can be transmitted to all mammals, including humans, through the saliva of an infected animal (commonly passed through bite wounds). Most states require all animals be vaccinated for rabies.
  • Kennel cough (bordatella bronchiseptica): This vaccine is recommended and usually required for dogs who frequent the groomer, dog boarding facilities, or doggie day care. Kennel cough is a highly contagious bacterial and/or viral infection that causes coughing in a dog and harsh lung sounds.
  • Lyme: Lyme disease is spread through ticks carrying the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacteria is transmitted while the tick is taking a blood meal. As with humans, Lyme disease can cause lameness, fever, and swollen joints. Vaccinating against Lyme disease is recommended for dogs in heavily wooded areas.
  • Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection spread through the urine of infected wildlife. Severe infection can cause liver and kidney failure. This vaccine is recommended for dogs who frequent areas with still standing water and where wildlife is often seen.
  • Canine Influenza: Symptoms of canine influenza are very similar to those of kennel cough. Canine influenza often frequents areas where dogs are within close quarters to one another including grooming facilities, boarding facilities, and doggie day care.

Intestinal Parasites

Since most puppies are born with intestinal parasites from their mothers, the veterinarian will help determine a proper deworming protocol for the puppy based on history. The veterinarian will also send out a fecal sample to be tested at the lab to determine if there are further parasites to be treated. Because certain parasites are transmissible to humans, it is important to wash hands after cleaning up after the puppy.

Mack

“Mack” going for his first hike at 12 weeks old

Common intestinal parasites and how they’re transmitted:

  • Roundworms: the most common parasite in dogs, roundworms are transmitted to the puppy during pregnancy, through the mother’s milk, or if the puppy eats eggs present in another fecal sample
  • Tapeworms: usually diagnosed by finding the segments in the stool, tapeworms can be transmitted by ingesting fleas or rodents
  • Hookworms: can only be diagnosed by microscopic examination of the stool and is spread through contact with hookworm eggs or when ingested orally
  • Whipworms: dogs become infected by ingesting soil contaminated with eggs or other substances containing dog feces
  • Coccidia: single-celled parasites, they are transmitted by swallowing soil contaminated with coccidia
  • Giardia: single-celled parasites that live in the intestine and are transmitted when dogs drink water infected with giardia

Visit the Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) website for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the parasitic diseases that threaten dogs and humans alike.

Monthly Disease Prevention

All puppies should be started on heartworm and flea/tick prevention as soon as they’re old enough.

Heartworm Prevention

Heartworm disease is a potentially fatal disease in pets caused by foot-long worms that infiltrate the heart, lungs, and blood vessels of infected pets. The disease can cause heart failure, lung disease, and damage to other organs. By giving pets a once-monthly preventative, the risk of a pet getting infected with heartworm disease is greatly diminished. See the chart below for a breakdown of several different products.

Heartworm Disease Prevention

Flea/Tick Prevention
(It’s flea and tick time!)

Fleas and ticks are nasty little creatures that live in the environment and can be a nuisance to pets and owners alike. Using a monthly preventative decreases the risks of infestation and also helps reduce the pets’ risk of certain tick-borne diseases such as Lyme disease and Anaplasmosis. See the table below for a comparison of many popular products on the market.

Flea and Tick Comparison

Talk to the veterinarian at the first appointment to determine which heartworm and flea/tick prevention products are right for the new puppy. Serious medical conditions can be avoided by using monthly preventatives.

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New Media Analysis

New media can be a difficult term to define. Let’s start with traditional, or old, media. Traditional media describes newspaper, magazines, television, and radio. These forms of media have survived many years and are still prevalent today—but there’s new media in town. With the recent upsurge in digital technology, we’ve also seen an upsurge in the different forms of media.new-media

New media is readily available to anyone with a technological device (computer, smartphone, tablet) that supports Internet connection. This includes photos, videos, written stories and articles, infographics, and many more forms. Many forms of new media utilize a variety of the different ways they can display information.

In the beginning of class, we explored many different forms of new media. The Curious Case of the Caspian Sea’s Scars, an article from The New York Times, is an example of new media. It’s an article about the Caspian Sea’s underwater scars that uses a news story, a tweet, and several images. This article uses mixed media to form a story line. The one thing it doesn’t allow is reader feedback.

The Black Budget is an article from The Washington Post that also shows various forms of new media all in one news story. It uses infographics and interactive charts that users can play around with and feel involved along with a news story. At the end of the article, users can write comments and engage in interactive discussion about the article. Along with this, users can like, share, or reply to other users’ comments. This is a great example of new media because it shows how nonlinear new media is. There are several ways for users to engage with the article while educating themselves on whatever the subject matter is.

The last article I chose as an example, Planet Money Makes a Shirt, is an interactive story about the making of shirts that takes you through the whole process from start to finish. This article is nicely delivered to the audience, utilizing videos, text, images, charts, and an interactive user interface that makes it fun for the viewer.

New media is headed down a rapidly-changing path. As I was reviewing different sources researching new media, I stumbled upon a website that puts it perfectly: “The definition of new media changes daily, and will continue to do so. New media evolves and morphs continuously. What it will be tomorrow is virtually unpredictable for most of us, but we do know that it will continue to evolve in fast and furious ways” (Socha and Eber-Schmid). This article points out in the very beginning that new media is ever-changing. It is continuously evolving into something we probably can’t even imagine.

Growing up in the 90s, I remember a time when there were no cell phones—or at least they were few and far between. I remember when my dad got his first cell phone—I was probably about 10 years old and he got it for emergencies only. It was an analog flip phone with a small single-line screen that only read a number.

Let’s move forward a few years to the cell phones that first came out with games—simple games that utilized a few buttons and had an easy concept. Now think about the cell phones we have today. Analog cell phones, after going through several changes, morphed into smartphones that can act as personal assistants using voice activation. In a mere 10-20 years cell phones have evolved at an astronomical rate, so just imagine what they will do in the future. I never would have guessed technology would be where it is today even 10 years ago.

New media is headed down an exciting path. We now have smart cars and smart houses. Robots are in quick development and already being used for various tasks. Technology has quickly evolved changing the world around it. Individuals and organizations alike have to keep up to date with the changes in technology in order to not only succeed but also compete with everyone else out there. So many people depend on social media for news updates and event invitations and shopping and anything else you can think of.

Works Cited
Socha, Bailey and Barbara Eber-Schmid. What Is New Media? 2014. Web publication.

PSA Flea and Tick Prevention

Pet Shield Veterinary Hospital Announces New Changes

Pet Shield Veterinary Hospital is proud to announce new and exciting changes for the hospital and its’ staff this year including the addition of a new doctor and a new Chief of Staff. Dr. Susan Hall, DVM has joined the veterinary team, bringing with her over 20 years’ experience in small animal surgery and medicine. Dr. Kelly Shanley, DVM, takes over as Chief of Staff and is excited to bring some new changes to the hospital.

12246872_992825250760865_6811979766072154296_nHall studied animal science at the University of Connecticut and earned her bachelor’s degree in science in 1989. She then went on to pursue obtaining her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine in 1993, graduating Summa Cum Laude from Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. In her spare time, she enjoys spending time with her family, playing violin, dancing, swimming, hiking, and is an active member of St. George Church and Christ Church in Guilford, Conn. Her professional interests include small animal internal medicine and soft tissue surgery, dermatology, dentistry, critical care, and pain management.

Shanley studied biology and chemistry and Southern Connecticut State University and Central Connecticut State University while working as a veterinary technician locally. She pursued her dream of practicing veterinary medicine by attending Auburn University, graduating Summa Cum Laude in 2006. She has been working at Pet Shield as a Veterinarian for 4 years now. While enjoying the time she spends with family, Shanley is also an active member in the community and interested in the pursuit of client education.

Pet Shield is making some big changes in an effort to begin to expand the practice and they have a great team to start with. You can go online to the hospital’s website to check out veterinarian and technician bios, see their hours, or even check out their Facebook page.

Pet Shield Veterinary Hospital is a small animal practice originally opened in the 1980s and now located in North Branford, Conn. after moving a couple times. Shanley describes Pet Shield as unique because they offer “personalized, compassionate care with emphasis on individualized treatment for all the patients in our veterinary family.” She is excited as Chief of Staff to accomplish new things in order for the practice to grow and Hall is excited to be part of this process.

Heartworm Disease & Prevention: An Exploration of Infographics

I work at a veterinary hospital and I decided to create an infographic about Heartworm Disease and Prevention. We’re currently in a transition phase where new leadership is taking over and we’re making some changes. One of these changes is to be more informative to clients and advertise more which is half the reason I’m taking this and my Social Media class. Although it has a lot of room for improvement, I decided to use a class assignment to my advantage and create something I could use as a starting point for something work-related.

The infographic I created gives a short explanation of what heartworm disease is, how the life cycle of the disease works, and compares different prevention options. Choosing heartworm prevention can be confusing to new owners so the chart I made simplifies it.

Unfortunately, the more I got into the project, the less information I was able to find so I don’t have any solid statistics or numbers to display. I’d like to actually work on this more and actually be able to use it for work. Please post any tips or ideas you have!

heartworm-disease

Ouch!

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